A sprained elbow is when the plates between the elbow bones in the back slip out, pressing on the nearby nerves and causing pain.
Causes of occurrence
A herniated disc usually occurs as a result of aging. As we age, our water content decreases, our flexibility decreases, and we are more likely to fall off with even the slightest impact.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a gradual deterioration of the intervening cartilage as a consequence of aging.
As we age, the elasticity of the gel-like material inside the articular cartilage decreases, causing the cartilage plate to slip easily and compress the surrounding nerves.
People’s daily life and habits are also one of the reasons for the rapid deterioration of the cartilage plates. Some of them do not carry heavy items at work. The use of unbalanced movements, etc., puts more weight on the cartilage plate and puts more stress on it.
Athletes or those who follow sports also tend to wear out cartilage due to repetitive movements and weight on the cartilage or sudden movements.
Because the cartilage plates have to carry extra loads, people who are overweight are also more likely to develop osteoarthritis.
All of the above causes are degeneration of the cartilage or fracture of the cartilage. It causes cracking and puts pressure on the surrounding nerves.
Herniated disc in most people
. Those who are not serious
. People who do hard work
. People with a herniated disc in the family.
Common Herniated disc symptoms are –
– Lower back (lower back) pain.
– Arm/leg pain.
– Sensation of numbness in the area supported by compressed nerves.
– Related muscle weakness.
– Pain in one or both legs.
– Weakness of the leg muscles that deviates from the normal walking pattern.
– Numbness in one or both legs.
– Difficulty walking or walking long distances.
– Of course, if you experience such symptoms, you experience great pain in your daily life.
Things you should see your doctor about
Back pain and experiencing the above symptoms; worsening of symptoms; Urinary incontinence and inner thighs; If there is no sensation in the back of the legs, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
To find out if it is a herniated disc – –
=> Inquiring about the condition of the disease;
=> Testing the back;
=> Test with cotton/needle to know whether the sensation is good or bad;
=> X-ray, computed tomography; It can be tested with magnetic resonance imaging.
Avoiding lifestyles that cause pain to a herniated disc; Doing exercises prescribed by the doctor and taking painkillers; taking muscle relaxants; Ice packs have been found to relieve pain. If these methods do not help, surgery is required.
In order to prevent a herniated disc
– Physical activity exercises
– Keeping the body in a balanced position
– It is necessary to maintain normal weight and so on.
Early protection is the best option. By using or moving your back in the right ways, you can prevent osteoarthritis. Some important precautions are…
– Avoid lifting heavy objects.
– If you have to sit for a long time, try to stretch and change your posture frequently.
– Work to develop and maintain core muscle strength (both back and abdominal muscles).
– If your bones are not strong, avoid frequent jumping or exercises that cause great damage to the spine, swimming, Do light exercises that increase flexibility.
– The above mentioned do’s and don’ts will help to maintain a healthy spine and interstitial cartilage for longer life and prevent premature cartilage destruction.
Ref: Mayo Clinic